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About a decade ago, I got involved in what I think is a unique way to create an impassioned and skilled local engineering and technical workforce. The Project Lead the Way (PLTW) program we established in our small county in northeast Ohio has become a renowned model for encouraging homegrown talent to pursue a career in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) fields. Read on to see how we are making it work and to hear from one young participant who says it changed his life.
Searching for a way to encourage local students to become engineers
It all started after being rejected by a candidate for an excellent engineering job who was unwilling to relocate to Dover, Ohio. Our manufacturing factory is in Tuscarawas County, on the edge of Appalachia in northeast Ohio. It is a beautiful area but not a destination location for a career, or the typical go-to place for a young college graduate looking for a big city, the South, or a beach.
We have always worked with local vocational schools and tried to hire local precision machining students. We also had some success working with community and technical colleges, but were not able to entice students to come back after they left to get 4-year engineering degrees. Also, we found that very few high school students were even pursuing engineering degrees. Clearly, we were failing to communicate that an engineering degree can offer a rewarding career with a great standard of living.
I knew that in order for our local businesses to grow, we had to change the way we trained for the game. I knew we had students that grew up in the area and loved it here. They may have wanted to return home after college graduation, but felt their opportunities would be limited in a small town. We needed a way to develop engineers and technicians with the complete spectrum of skills, including good work ethic, integrity and the aptitude for continuous learning. From an engineering standpoint, we were looking for employees with either an associate or bachelor’s degree. For technicians, we needed people who would be able to repair equipment, or perform hands-on applications on the shop floor as well as in the marketplace.
As a serious Cleveland Indians fan, I came to believe that our quest was similar to the one that Dick Jacobs faced in the mid-1980s. After purchasing the Indians, he invested heavily in a farm team to develop homegrown talent that could compete in the big league and the investment worked. By the 1990s his team had won division championships, and was competing in playoffs and the World Series. (No more wise-cracks by David Letterman about the team’s abysmal record!) So, my goal was to find those talented young people that would help build our own farm team.
Enter Project Lead the Way
There are great job opportunities in the area – but you must be properly conditioned and trained for them. I wondered how we could prepare our kids for the engineering opportunities right here in their backyard. How could we strengthen the future of our community and local businesses by getting our youth excited about STEM?
By a lucky coincidence, sitting on my desk the day I got that rejection was a flyer for the Project Lead the Way (PLTW) program, a nationwide non-profit organization dedicated to increasing the quality and quantity of science and technology graduates in the United States. The Ohio branch of PLTW has more than 300 registered programs in pre-engineering, biomedical sciences, and computer science at the high school level.
The program is a four-year sequence of courses which, when combined with traditional mathematics and science courses, introduces students to the scope, rigor, and discipline of engineering prior to entering college. 
PLTW also runs programs for middle and elementary school students to help them understand STEM concepts and develop critical thinking skills.
I was intrigued by the notion of strengthening students’ skills so they could take advantage of STEM opportunities in our area. So, I picked up the phone and called the number on the flyer. Once that fateful call was made, I was quickly enlisted as chair of the local Project Lead the Way Project Implementation Task Force, a group of community business and education members.
Not long after, the task force met with all the superintendents of Tuscarawas County school districts and told them about the program goals. We explained if they could commit to implementing PLTW in their district, the business members would find the funds to run the program. Six out of nine districts agreed and we were on our way to establishing our own locally run program.
The Tuscarawas County program partnered with Ohio PLTW, who know the academic side and speak the education language. The beauty of the arrangement is that it is truly plug and play. The group leaned heavily on the educator group to walk the business community through the process and explain how to integrate the program into the school system. The superintendents focused on building understanding amongst the teachers and finding teachers who would be interested in being trained to teach the courses.
I brought my passion and belief in our local talent to the game and was excited to become the chief fundraiser. Along with Allied, local business partners, foundations, and grants contributed more than $700,000 to launch the program. The money raised was dedicated to purchasing equipment and technology needed to run the program such as robotics equipment and computers to run CAD programs. In nine years, the program has raised well over $1.5 million dollars – pretty impressive for a small Ohio county with less than a hundred thousand people.
The Tuscarawas County PLTW program is involved at all grade levels. The elementary curriculum introduces the fundamentals of STEM to K-5 classes. Middle school students follow the Gateway to Technology (GTT) Making Math and Science Matter program. GTT offers ten modules for use in an existing science class or as stand-alone enrichment classes. Examples include design and modeling, automation and robotics, the magic of electrons, and medical detectives. At the high school level, students can choose from pre-engineering, biomedical, and computer science strands. Table 1
shows the courses in the pre-engineering track which is an example of a rigorous program guaranteed to start building the homegrown talent we were scouting for.
|Table 1 – Pre-engineering strand courses
|Introduction to engineering design
|Principles of engineering
|Civil engineering and architecture
|Computer integrated manufacturing
|Computer science and software engineering
|Fuel cell technology
|Engineering design and development (capstone project)
The program is strength training for young minds but the benefits of developing the game-plan expand beyond the classroom’s playing field. Numerous teachers trained to instruct PLTW shared that the experience has changed their teaching careers. One said she felt herself getting a bit stale, like she was just going through the motions. Teaching this curriculum and watching young minds explode as they learned to problem solve and build things had truly energized her.
As part of the PLTW program, hundreds of students have participated in field trips to the Allied manufacturing facilities. Tours are designed to show students that a modern manufacturing facility is not the dark, loud and grungy place in which their grandparents may have worked.
Highlighting automation, robots, and computer controlled machines, plant tours show everything from raw material to finished products. They begin by walking through the engineering office to see products being created on a computer and they end the tour by seeing the finished product.
Tours for high school aged students include specific stations that cover phases of the process in greater detail, including engineering design and lean manufacturing principles. In this tour, the desktop “factory,” makes widgets ineffectively and students are asked to reorganize activities in order to improve productivity
The tours help students develop their own view of manufacturing in the 21st
century – with lights, robots, and technology bustling around in a bright, air-conditioned facility. After all, we want to teach students that engineers don’t just drive trains. We are committed to immersing youth in the manufacturing experience so they can witness STEM in action through these tours. We are passionate about developing the talent needed to keep American manufacturing on the forefront of the industry.
Showing it off to the community
The unique feature of the Tuscarawas County PLTW program is an annual showcase where students present their STEM projects to the community. Often donors to community endeavors do not get to see the end results of their generosity and that is why I ask schools participating in PLTW to invite the community to this showcase each spring.
Over the years, the event has grown into a major affair, which includes an open house before the presentations. Held at the Kent State University Tuscarawas Campus, the event is literally packed with parents and grandparents as well as business and community members. Visitors review the displays and ask students to explain their work. Last year more than 150 students presented their own STEM projects at the annual PLTW showcase.
The showcase has become a real proving ground for creativity. For example, one student was standing in front of the room showing their design for a coin sorter. The team printed the coin sorters on a 3D printer and said, “After the presentation, we’ll be in the back of the room selling them for $5 apiece.” Now that’s free enterprise – connecting engineering design ideas to retail sales. I paid the $5 and I remember those kids every time I reach in for a coin.
A few years ago, the showcase format was expanded to introduce a little friendly competition. Each grade level competes among others in their grade. Engineers view the presentations and pick the best team. The trophies, which are easily 5 feet tall, can be brought back for display to the winning school for the year. They have become a huge source of school pride.
The program leads to real jobs
The Ohio PLTW program has had major successes in recruiting and hiring of participants. One well-known success story is a partnership with Honda North America in Marysville, which allows Columbus State students to study two days a week and spend the other three working at Honda. Many who complete the two-semester program and earn their associate degree are hired full-time. PLTW students from Centerville and Kettering-Fairmont high schools have received intern assignments at Motoman/Yaskawa while continuing their education in a format similar to the Honda model. Other local programs include a job connection website called Home Town Opportunity, which focuses on connecting local companies with local talent, and the AMBE Alliance (Auglaize Mercer Business Education Alliance) which began with seed funding from PLTW.
Allied Machine & Engineering does its part in hiring homegrown talent into our building as well. Each summer we bring in more than 30 student interns to introduce them to the high skilled jobs available in today’s manufacturing sector. The interns are given the opportunity to earn money while getting entry-level experience. Those with the right skills are given a job offer prior to their senior year.
Homegrown talent at work
One great example of PLTW’s success is Logan Lamonica, who graduated from Dover High School in 2013 after taking PLTW classes throughout his high school career. Logan credits the PLTW program with introducing him to all areas of engineering, so he could eventually pursue the one for which he had the most passion.
Logan graduated from Miami University in May 2017 with a Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering. He interned at Allied in the summer of 2016 and just started working at Allied full time. Logan is serving as an R&D design engineer, working with a team of six engineers brainstorming on improvements for existing tools and creating new products. He creates 3D models and performs Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to evaluate how the new tools compare to other ideas and existing products.
He explains, “PLTW introduces students to a wide variety of engineering skills, whether it is CAD, wiring circuits, soldering, writing G-Code, or just solving engineering problems on paper. Because of this, I was able to go into college with an advantage over my peers.”
He notes that most of his friends never had the chance to take any engineering classes before starting college, and he already had four years and an array of engineering skills. “Throughout my college career, I’d find times where I was the only one in my group capable of performing a task. I had a lot more knowledge of CAD and technical drawings than my peers, which always made me the designer for our projects. I was also a step ahead when I was involved in a project dealing with electrical engineering.”
I am proud to say that no other county in Ohio has been as successful at partnering with schools and the business community. This approach to grooming homegrown talent is batting a thousand.
About Project Lead the Way Ohio, http://www.pltwohio.org/about_overview.php
, retrieved 6/29/17